Location: West Penwith Area
Photographer: Rowena Castillo Nicholls
Videographer: Rob Nicholls
Wildlife at Zennor Head
Location: Zennor, Cornwall
What an absolutely glorious day. Spectacular views and loads of amazing wildlife around. I have been to Zennor a few time to visit the Parish Church of St Senara, partly Norman and partly of the 13th and 15th centuries (the north aisle 15th century) church as well as to see the one of only two remaining bench ends portrays the Mermaid of Zennor. But it's my first time to walk the coastal path to Zennor Head to Porthzennor Cove to Tremedda Cliff to Tregerthan Cliff to Carn Porth to Wicca Cliff to Mussel Point to Treveal Cliff and back again. What an amazing walk. I will surely come back again soon.
Zennor Head is a coastal promontory north of the village. The cliffs rise over 60 metres (200 ft) from the sea and the highest point of the headland is 96 metres (314 ft) above sea level. The village itself is at a height of around 110 metres (360 ft).
Zennor lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with similar status and protection as a National Park.
Helen Dunmore's 1993 novel Zennor in Darkness is set in and around the village in 1917 when D. H. Lawrence lived nearby. Zennor is also mentioned in the Ulysses Moore series of books, written by Pierdomenico Baccalario; in fact near Zennor and Saint Ives there would be the mysterious hamlet of Kilmore Cove, the place where the series is mainly set.
Antiquities include the megalithic burial chambers Zennor Quoit and Sperris Quoit (only 400 yards apart). There is a prehistoric entrance grave at Pennance known as the Giant's House and not far away are four round barrows. Gurnard's Head, or Trereen Dinas, is an Iron age promontory fort (or cliff castle) with five lines of fortification, and a mile to the west is Bosigran, close to Treen (Cornish: Tredhin), a second promontory fort along with a surviving field system.
Wildlife in Botallack
The Tin Coast
Location: Botallack, Cornwall
Botallack is one of my favourite places in Cornwall, Very scenic and picturesque plus loads of amazing wildlife around.
The remains of the mine buildings at Botallack give a fascinating glimpse of Cornish mining over a century ago. During the nineteenth century there were over 100 engine houses in the St Just district, though mining has been documented in the area much further back than this.
Lae Maen Veor (Cornish: Legh Men Veur meaning great stone ledge), or Botallack Head, is a headland to the north west of Botallack.
The Botallack Mine (Cornish: Bostalek) is a former mine in Botallack. Since 2006 it has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site – Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape. The mine is within the Aire Point to Carrick Du Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and the South West Coast Path passes through the cove.
It is unclear how far back mining activity goes in this location. Early records date from the 1500s. Some archaeological evidence points to mining here in the Roman era or even as far back as the Bronze Age.
Botallack was a submarine mine, with tunnels extending under the sea, in places for half a mile. Over its recorded lifetime, the mine produced around 14,500 tonnes of tin, 20,000 tonnes of copper and 1,500 tonnes of arsenic. An estimated 1.5 million tonnes of waste would have been dug up with the minerals. In the 1860s a new diagonal shaft was dug. In 1865, the Prince and Princess of Wales visited and descended down the shaft, creating a mini-boom in tourism that caused the mine operators to charge visitors a guinea per person. The mine closed in 1895 as a result of falling tin and copper prices. The mining developments around Botallack form part of the St Just mining district's successful inclusion in the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage site which was inscribed in July 2006.
The 1970s BBC television series Poldark was filmed partly in Botallack, using Manor Farm as Nampara. More recently, filming for the new Poldark series also took place here.
The engine houses in the Crowns section of Botallack Mine are set low down the cliffs north of Botallack. There are two engine houses here and the remains of another pair on the cliff slopes above; the mine extends for about 400 metres out under the Atlantic ocean; the deepest shaft is 250 fathoms (about 500 metres) below sea level. The workings of Botallack Mine extend inland as far as the St. Just to St. Ives road, and at times included Wheal Cock further to the north-east.
The mine buildings on Botallack Cliffs are protected by the National Trust. There are two arsenic works opposite the Botallack Mine count house. At the top of the cliffs there are also the remains of one of the mine's arsenic-refining works.
The mineral Botallackite has its type locality here.